The history of architecture is as complicated and long as humanity itself. It is believed that architecture began when people stopped living in caves and started building structures they could live in. Archaeologists believe that its origins date Neolithic Period (that is about 10,000 BC). Architecture today is primarily assessed through visuals and one’s perception. However, the rise of designing architectural pieces is fueled by much more other than the need for beauty.
Today, architecture has shown that it can achieve many things such as modernity, elegance, comfort, indexical, imagination, and it’s capacity to reflect the spirit of the modern-day. The history of human beings and the history of architecture goes hand in hand. This is defendable by the strong material available, which serves as evidence of societal changes.
The Global History Of Architecture – What We Learn Today?
If history is written by the victors; according to Churchill, then the history of art and architecture applies the same rules. What does this mean? Well, the old buildings we see and sturdy today belonged to the most developed and powerful societies. Today, these buildings are carefully watched over and protected. With this in mind, it is not a surprise that one of the watched-over ancient architecture is the Roman Architectures. The purpose of buildings built in ancient times and still present today have had various uses/purposes. There were buildings built for the gods, others for people (secular), others for social gatherings, and so on. This illustrates the nature of different histories perfectly.
The old civilization had a strong belief in an afterlife. As such, a majority of the civilizations adopted the tradition of preserving the bodies of the dead as a way to prepare them for the afterlife, which came with some of the best-inspired architectural designs. This made some of the old architectural buildings actual tombs like the Egyptian pyramid and mastaba. If you are in the Farnham area then see architects Farnham.
The Pyramids And Ziggurats
If we begin to talk about the history of architecture sequentially, it is correct for one to start from the Ziggurats. That is because they are the most symbolic structures built from the past. Ziggurats were dedicated to the Mesopotamian god Marduk. A good example is the Tower of Babel. This massive terraced structure was built in Mesopotamia for ritual purposes. It is believed to be the typological inspiration for the pyramids. Because the structure used the step design, which made it successful to recede it towards the sky, the Ziggurat became the interpreted link between the earth and the sky. As such, our ancestors used it to link their spirit with the sky.
Nevertheless, looking at it practically because of its fortress-like structure, it was ideal for protection and used to escape the rising water levels. By looking at Djoser’s pyramid (built during the Third Dynasty of Egypt by Imhotep (considered the first known architect)), we can say that Egyptians were building step pyramids first. However, because history is complicated and has some uncertainty, there is no way to be sure. Everything is estimated based on the type of building, the material used, and most of all carbon-dating.
During the Fourth Dynasty, the design and appearance of the pyramids changed, and it is quite evident with the three pyramids in Giza. These pyramids feature a smooth side, which is why people still tend to admire them today. Stepped pyramids are also found in Mayan and other Mesoamerican architecture. These pyramids were used as temples. These were typologically indicative in the Mesopotamian era though they were built much later. However, they are still attractive and known to attract thousands of visitors or tourists every year. The architecture and the colour which were used made them interesting and wonderfully built buildings.