Though a large number of industrial plants use processes that need liquids to be safely stored and conveyed from one point to another, many plants still find this cumbersome. Though the drums and barrels used to store liquids in industrial plants tend to be sturdy and spacious, the process of extracting the fluids stored within usually tends to be arduous. For example, even a small 55-gallon barrel can weigh as much as 450 pounds when filled to the brim which can make tipping the drum to access the contents within daunting. The solution to the problem on how industrial plants and factories can easily extract fluids in drums and barrels lies in the use of drum pumps.
What Is A Barrel Pump?
This is a machine that is typically placed on the upper opening of a barrel to assist with the transfer of fluids stored inside. With a drum pump, you can easily transfer fluids conveniently without having to worry about manually removing liquids by tipping containers. In the market, there are two main types of drum pumps. However, there are several different models and sub-types of drum pumps that are made of different materials and which have varying tube lengths.
What Is the Working Mechanism of a Drum Pump?
To convey fluids using a drum pump, you will first need to fit the instrument at the top opening of a barrel and ensure that the narrow tube that houses a vertical shaft is inserted fully into the drum.
A drum pump also usually has a small motor attached to the vertical shaft which is usually powered by either AC or DC power. To turn the pump on, you simply need to flip the on switch for the motor. Once the pump is turned on the pumping mechanism that is inside the drum will start sucking up the fluid in a barrel. A drum pump usually achieves the suction for pumping from a small centrifugal rotor found at the base of the tube that is inserted into the drum.
Apart from electrical power, a drum pump can also be operated through manual cranking or through the use of a piston pump. Note that though drum pumps can be attached and removed easily depending on where they are to be used, there are drum pumps that are usually fixed to a drum/barrel. Filling system.
What Are Some of The Industries That Use Drum Pumps?
Drum pumps are not only used in hydro-based industrial plants. There are many types of fluids that can be stored, handled or transferred in an industrial setting. For example, there are industries that use chemicals and fluids which have a higher viscosity compared to water. In such industries, drum pumps tend to be a common feature.
One good example of an industry that relies heavily on drum pumps is the pharmaceutical industry. In fact, in recent years, drum pumps have increased efficiency and productivity in the UK pharmaceutical industry which has translated to a jump in the domestic value of the entire industry to a whooping $770 billion.
Some of the other industries that commonly utilize drum pumps include:
• Food processing industries
• Manufacturing plants
• Chemical plants
• Automotive manufacturing plants
• Cleaning industries
Types of Drum Pumps
As mentioned earlier, there are two main types of drum pumps available in the market namely: electric-powered drum pumps and hand-operated drum pumps. Each of these pumps usually have different features and uses. Additionally, you will also find different makes and models for both of these pumps.
How Do Hand-Operated Pumps Work?
These pumps are typically operated by hand instead of relying on an electric motor.
These pumps tend to be ideal if you need to transfer liquids at a remote location where access to electric power is limited.
Top Factors to Consider When Choosing A Drum Pump
To choose the right pump series, motor type and accessories, you should ensure that you first determine where you will be using your drum pump.
When choosing a pump, you should also ascertain that it can effectively meet your needs. For example, consider if it can handle your desired chemical, fluid viscosity and whether the flow from the pump head is right.
You should also check to see that the material used in making the outer tubing is corrosion-resistant.
If you are going to be pumping combustible fluids, ensure that you check to see if your pump is fitted with an air drive motor.
Depending on how you will be using your drum pump, you should also check to see if you need any extra accessories such as flow meters, drum adaptors and static protection kits.